History Of Gwalior


Sarafa Bazar at Gwalior almost 100 Years Back

At the starting of 6th century BC , this region was ruled by Nand Dynasty of Patli putra who  captured it from Shishunaags. At present pavaya village near Dabra in Gwalior was the capital of this state. The ruler of this empire was “Swamin Shivnandi” according to the scripts found at village Pavaya . In 3rd Century AD Naag empire ruled the region.

It can be called on the basis of coins found that the rulers of Naag Dynasty at padmavati were bheem,skand,vasu,vrahaspati,bhavnaam,dev,vyaghra and ganapati. Description of King Ganapati was found at the Inscriptions of Samudragupta at Allahbaad.

Inscription found at Gwalior shows that King Bhoj of pratihaar dynasty kept his lord ship around Gwalior fort from 836AD to 882AD. Mahmood Gajnavi Invaded this fort during 1021-1022 AD . During 1195-96 AD Mohammad gauri attacked on Lohang Dev of Gwalior and after treaty he gave the responsibility of capturing Gwalior fort to Malik Bahauddin Tuglak who won the fort after 18 months long terrifying battle. Afterwards “Mohammad Gauris” Commander “Kutubuddin Aibak” appointed ” Iltumshish ” as the Officer in Command of the Gwalior Fort.

From 1486AD to 1526AD Tomar Dynasty ruled Gwalior . Maharaja Mansingh Tomar was one of the noteworthy kings of this dynasty. He was a great architect , ruler , musician and lover . He was the one who turned the face off a hilly fort to an attractive monument.Installed new irrigation plants ” Moti Jheel ” is one of them which is the source of water supply to Gwalior even now. Last ruler of this Dynasty was Vikramaditya who was killed in the Battle of Panipat.

Babur arrived in Gwalior at 26th September 1528 after being appointed on the throne. He described a lot about Gwalior Fort and its amazing locations in Babur Nama.After being invaded by akbar till 1754 this fort Gwalior and Gwalior Fort was the part of Mughal Empire.

according to the Ain-i-Akbari written by Abul fazal  an iron mine was their in Gwalior and Gwalior was also the official mint of Akbars Empire where the copper coins were issued.After the End of Mughal Empire the Gwalior came under the Suzerainty of Scindhiyas. Till the freedom of India it was Gwalior was under the authority of Scindia Dynasty. Right now Maharaj Jyotiraditya Scindia is Minister Of State for Commerce and Industry In Indian Government.


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Gaurav Mishra

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