Tomb of Ghaus Mohammad & Tansen

The city’s most famous Muslim building is the sixteenth-century Tomb of Ghaus Mohammed, an Afghan prince who helped Babur take Gwalior Fort. It’s a fine specimen of early Mughal architecture, and a popular local shrine. Elegant hexagonal pavilions stand at each of its four corners; in the centre, the large central dome retains a few remnants of its blue-glazed tiles. The tomb’s walls are inlaid with exquisite pierced-stone jali screens.

The second and smaller of the tombs in the gardens is that of the famous Mughal singer-musician Tansen, one of the “Nine Jewels” of Emperor Akbar’s court. Every year, performers and aficionados from all over India flock here for Gwalior’s annual Tansen Samaroh music festival (Nov/Dec). Local superstition holds that the leaves of the tamarind tree growing on the plinth nearby have a salutary effect on the singing voice, which is why its bottom branches have been stripped bare.

Hazrat mohammad ghaus was one of the noteworthy sufi in the history of India.Mohammad Ghaus has written many books in which “Gulzare Abraar” is the most famous. This noble saint was born 16th century in Gazipur (UP).Intajaam Ulla Sahabi stated your birth on 890 Hizri.

According to the texts of ” Manaakab Goosiya ” wrtten by Fazal Ali Sattari the full name of Mohammad Ghaus was Hamid Uddin. According to the book “Kuliyate Gwalior ” written by fazal ali who was contamporary of Akbar, Mohammad Ghaus was the last gos after that no ghaus was born .That means Ghaus was a designation instead of name.Mohammad Ghaus has written some books like  Aurad-E-Ghausiya , Mezaarnaamaa , Zamaayaa , Bahrul Hayat , Jawahar-E-Khamsa , Kabeer-E-Makhajal , Kanjool Wahida etc.

Mohammad Ghaus arrived in gwalior at 1523. 4 years after his arrival Afghan warlord Rahimdaad captured Gwalior. Even mughal Emperor babur was influenced by Mohammad ghaus and attended him personally for blessings.

According to the book “Darbare Akbari” when baburs forces arrived in Gwalior centurion of gwalior Tatar Khan denied to give the fort of Gwalior to Babur.At that time mohammad ghaus who lived in the fortress and worships the god played a vital role in presenting the fort to babur without any battle.Even Babur described this incident in detail in his autobiography “Babur naama”.

Famous poet Khadag Rai has described that Babur was so much influenced by Mohammad Ghaus that he decided to make Humayun the king of India on Mohammad ghaus’s advice.

Because of the closeness of Mohammad Gaus with Babur and Humayun a Aghan leader Shershah was angry with Ghaus and he sended his whole army to kill him. Feelling helpless Mohammad ghaus threshed the heads of 12,000 troops. Lord Humayun pardoned in a letter about the whole incident to Mohammad ghaus.This incident was described in book “Gulzare Abraar ” on page number 292.

In 966 Hizri Akbar arrived Gwalior to meet Mohammad Ghaus.After being the king of Mughal Empire he came many times to gwalior for the blessings of Mohammad Ghaus.

Spectacular tomb of Mohammad Ghaus is a world famous architecture from the history. It was built in 38 years in Akbars Era from the the Kings treasure under the guidance of Mohammad Ghaus’s son and lord Akbar.

It is amazing to see that the tomb of a sufi becomes a famous pilgrimage center of both Muslims and Hindus. The mausoleum of Ghaus Mohammad exhibits typical Mughal architecture, its hexagonal pillars and screens using pierced stone technique are simply marvelous.

On a historical point of view, the Afgan Prince stands nowhere, but his tomb emanates breath-taking beauty that is having an ethereal look. The marvelous stone works coupled with an excellent architecture, the tomb looks gorgeous.

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